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Case From India, New Delhi: The third airport project in the National Capital Region

Case From India, New Delhi: The third airport project in the National Capital Region

Source: Vatsa, Aditi. “Taking flight: Jewar International airport project receives Civil Aviation Ministry’s green light”. The Indian Express. July 3, 2017

In late June of 2017, a full sixteen years after the idea was first floated, a site for an international airport outside Delhi was given in-principle clearance by the Indian government’s Ministry of Civil Aviation. This airport at Jewar is set to be a rather large airport, handling 30-50 million commuters per year through a total of four runways, and according to various sources, will take either 3000, 5000, or 10,000 hectares (30-100 km2 ).

Organisation: Equitable Tourism Options

Presenting: Swathi Seshadri

Location: Jewar Block, Gautam Budh Nagar District, Uttar Pradesh State, India

Evicted: Villagers

Number of Evicted:  57,000 people

  • Women: 50%
  • Children:N/A

Organisations Mobilized: Agricultural labour unions and organisations

Legal Action: No

In late June of 2017, a full sixteen years after the idea was first floated, a site for an international airport outside Delhi was given in-principle clearance by the Indian government’s Ministry of Civil Aviation[1] . This airport at Jewar is set to be a rather large airport, handling 30-50 million commuters per year through a total of four runways[2] , and according to various sources, will take either 3000[3] , 5000[4] , or 10,000[5]  hectares (30-100 km2 ).

This airport will have a significant human impact. In the first phase, nine villages are proposed to be moved, which, according to the chairperson of the development authority in charge of the airport, would require the shifting of 3000 rural homes[6] . The full project, however, would require the displacement of 20 villages, a full 57,000 people[7] .

The construction of this airport itself would be a large enough threat, considering the amount of people whose lives will be affected. However, the airport is only one piece in the transformation of the entire region of ‘Greater Noida’ into a hyperurbanised conglomerate – partly an industrial belt, partly an extension of Delhi, and partly an ‘aerotropolis’ (a complete urban setup encircling and directed towards an airport). As such, the airport represents a new nodal point for the ongoing transformation of an entire area. Several aspects of this transformation would likely have occurred without the airport, however the provision of the airport creates a focal point for the rapid expansion of such plans. It allows for accelerated acquiring of vast tracts of land both in the land allotted for the airport and the surrounding land; it provides much easier accessibility to the industrial belt for foreign investors and thus would likely accelerate the pace of industrial development; and provides additional stimulus to other planned transport infrastructures, such as an extension of the Delhi Metro (which will stimulate further land acquisition and urbanisation of the surrounding areas).

The project details for Jewar airport are as follows:

Project Names ‘Jewar Airport’, ‘Noida International Airport’, ‘Taj International Airport’
Location Jewar Block, Gautam Budh Nagar District, Uttar Pradesh State, India
Nodal Agency Yamuna Expressway Industrial Development Authority (YEIDA)
Ownership, Construction, Maintenance Unknown – Jewar airport is set to be a PPP, but the yet to be written
  First Phase  (2017-2022/3) Final Phase  (2022/3-???)
Project Specifications

Airport Terminal

One runway

Connectivity – Roads, rail, Metro extension[8]

Three additional runways

Aircraft ‘Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul’ (MRO) facility[9]

Estimated Cost Estimated cost Rs. 7,000-10,000 crore (~$1.1-1.6b USD)[10] Estimated cost Rs, 15,000-20,000 crore (~$2.3-3.1b USD)[11]
Estimated Area 3000 hectares[12] Between 5000-10,000 hectares[13] , [14]
Estimated Displacement 3000 rural homes displaced[15] 57,000 people displaced[16]

The Institutions/Persons responsible for this eviction

Government body responsible for eviction

Yamuna Expressway Industrial Development Authority
(A Govt. of U.P. Undertaking)
First Floor, Commercial Complex, P-2, Sector- Omega I,
Greater Noida, Gautam Budh Nagar, Uttar Pradesh
PIN: 201308
Tel: +91.120.2395153/7/8, 2395152,2395157
Fax: +91.120.2395150

Email: queries@yamunaexpresswayauthority.com

***

[1]   Vatsa, Aditi. "Taking flight: Jewar International airport project receives Civil Aviation Ministry’s green light." The Indian Express. July 03, 2017. Accessed September 18, 2017. http://indianexpress.com/article/cities/delhi/taking-flight-jewar-international-airport-project-receives-civil-aviation-ministrys-green-light-4732449/

[2]  Vatsa, Aditi. "Taking flight: Jewar International airport project receives Civil Aviation Ministry’s green light." The Indian Express. July 03, 2017. Accessed September 18, 2017. http://indianexpress.com/article/cities/delhi/taking-flight-jewar-international-airport-project-receives-civil-aviation-ministrys-green-light-4732449/

[3]  Keelor, Vandana. "UP to fund Jewar airport, YEIDA to be nodal agency - Times of India." The Times of India. August 01, 2017. Accessed September 18, 2017. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/noida/up-to-fund-jewar-airport-yeida-to-be-nodal-agency/articleshow/59870894.cms .

[4]  Staff Reporter. "Nine villages to be acquired for Jewar airport." The Hindu. June 26, 2017. Accessed September 18, 2017. http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/nine-villages-to-be-acquired-for-jewar-airport/article19151712.ece .

[5]  Yamuna Expressway Properties Private Ltd. "Masterplan: National Capital Region (South-East)." Map. Accessed September 18, 2017. yamunaexpressway.in 

[6]  Keelor, Vandana. "UP to fund Jewar airport, YEIDA to be nodal agency - Times of India." The Times of India. August 01, 2017. Accessed September 18, 2017. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/noida/up-to-fund-jewar-airport-yeida-to-be-nodal-agency/articleshow/59870894.cms .

[7]  Vatsa, Aditi. "Taking flight: Jewar International airport project receives Civil Aviation Ministry’s green light." The Indian Express. July 03, 2017. Accessed September 18, 2017. http://indianexpress.com/article/cities/delhi/taking-flight-jewar-international-airport-project-receives-civil-aviation-ministrys-green-light-4732449/

[8]  Vatsa, Aditi. "Taking flight: Jewar International airport project receives Civil Aviation Ministry’s green light." The Indian Express. July 03, 2017. Accessed September 18, 2017. http://indianexpress.com/article/cities/delhi/taking-flight-jewar-international-airport-project-receives-civil-aviation-ministrys-green-light-4732449/

[9]  Vatsa, Aditi. "Taking flight: Jewar International airport project receives Civil Aviation Ministry’s green light." The Indian Express. July 03, 2017. Accessed September 18, 2017. http://indianexpress.com/article/cities/delhi/taking-flight-jewar-international-airport-project-receives-civil-aviation-ministrys-green-light-4732449/

[10]  Vatsa, Aditi. "Taking flight: Jewar International airport project receives Civil Aviation Ministry’s green light." The Indian Express. July 03, 2017. Accessed September 18, 2017. http://indianexpress.com/article/cities/delhi/taking-flight-jewar-international-airport-project-receives-civil-aviation-ministrys-green-light-4732449/

[11]  Vatsa, Aditi. "Taking flight: Jewar International airport project receives Civil Aviation Ministry’s green light." The Indian Express. July 03, 2017. Accessed September 18, 2017. http://indianexpress.com/article/cities/delhi/taking-flight-jewar-international-airport-project-receives-civil-aviation-ministrys-green-light-4732449/

[12]  Keelor, Vandana. "UP to fund Jewar airport, YEIDA to be nodal agency - Times of India." The Times of India. August 01, 2017. Accessed September 18, 2017. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/noida/up-to-fund-jewar-airport-yeida-to-be-nodal-agency/articleshow/59870894.cms .

[13]  Staff Reporter. "Nine villages to be acquired for Jewar airport." The Hindu. June 26, 2017. Accessed September 18, 2017. http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/nine-villages-to-be-acquired-for-jewar-airport/article19151712.ece .

[14]  Yamuna Expressway Properties Private Ltd. "Masterplan: National Capital Region (South-East)." Map. Accessed September 18, 2017. yamunaexpressway.in 

[15]  Keelor, Vandana. "UP to fund Jewar airport, YEIDA to be nodal agency - Times of India." The Times of India. August 01, 2017. Accessed September 18, 2017. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/noida/up-to-fund-jewar-airport-yeida-to-be-nodal-agency/articleshow/59870894.cms .

[16]  Vatsa, Aditi. "Taking flight: Jewar International airport project receives Civil Aviation Ministry’s green light." The Indian Express. July 03, 2017. Accessed September 18, 2017. http://indianexpress.com/article/cities/delhi/taking-flight-jewar-international-airport-project-receives-civil-aviation-ministrys-green-light-4732449/

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